Using marijuana for anxiety is not a new trend — cannabis has been used for treating different sorts of health issues for several millennia.
With the new research being funded by several liberal governments, we are heading towards a new era. An era of treating anxiety disorders with one of the world’s most favorite plants.
However, when it comes to marijuana and anxiety, users have divided opinions and experiences.
Some people struggle with more or less intense feelings of paranoia and anxiety as a consequence of using marijuana, while others feel much relaxed and relieved from anxiety-related symptoms.
Why is that the case?
The answer to this lies in the chemical structure of cannabis and its amount of active ingredients known as cannabinoids.
So where one strain can completely eliminate anxiety and most of its annoying symptoms, another may, in fact, increase it and induce complete paranoia and, possibly, a full-blown panic attack.
This guide will help you avoid the latter and capitalize on choosing the best strain for your condition.
What is anxiety and how are anxiety disorders classified?
Coping with workplace stress, being slightly nervous before taking an important test… We all feel anxious from time to time and that is a perfectly normal part of life.
Anxiety is an emotion which occurs when you feel uneasy and worried in advance of future events, and it’s not something to be mistaken with fear which is a reaction to a present threat.
Anxious people also experience weakness, muscular tension, nervousness, slightly increased heart rate and problems with maintaining their focus.
However, while anxiety is our appropriate emotional response to occasional future “threat”, feeling anxious on a daily basis is something that is classified as an anxiety disorder.
Anxiety disorders are a group of mental issues caused by genetics or external influence, followed by feelings of mixed fear and anxiety. Having an anxiety disorder can interfere with person’s everyday activities, relations, and overall performance.
Most common anxiety disorders are:
- Generalized anxiety disorder — feeling an excessive (unrealistic) worry for several months at a time.
- Phobia — an irrational fear triggered by certain objects, situations, animals and even humans.
- Social anxiety disorder — fear of social situations or performance, resulting in avoidance of social interactions or public speaking.
- Selective mutism — when a person capable of speech has difficulties speaking with certain people.
- Separation anxiety disorder — expressing an excessive level of fear and anxiety of separation from a person. Separation anxiety is a normal part of a child’s development but can evolve into disorder, even affecting adults.
- Panic disorder — unexpected panic attacks and intense fear.
Although symptoms may vary from one type of anxiety disorder to another, there are some symptoms that are common in all of them, such as feelings of fear, panic, discomfort, insomnia, shortness of breath, increased heart rate, cold or sweaty hands, and feet.
Anxiety disorders affect about 11% of Canadians and 18% of Americans. Anxiety can follow other mental disorders and is usually treated with Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and prescription medications.
Some of these methods can be very effective with some patients and less effective with others.
But some, like CBT, require time and effort from both the patient and the psychiatrist.
Lately, more and more doctors claim there is a much faster solution:
How compounds from marijuana relieve anxiety?
Humans have a natural endocannabinoid system which regulates many cellular functions. When certain cannabinoids (like CBD, but more on that later) are introduced to the body, they significantly reduce anxiety and its symptoms.
Simply put, cannabinoids from the plants belonging to Cannabis sativa L. genus supplement whatever we lack naturally and help restore the balance within our cellular processes.
Medications for treating anxiety usually target secretion of serotonin (hormone of happiness) in our body.
Conveniently enough, studies found that CBD (second biggest cannabinoid in marijuana) can positively influence our serotonin receptors, thus producing similar effects.
As I’ve said previously, marijuana can relieve anxiety in some people, while it can trigger it in someone else. It all depends on the plant-specific chemical composition.
There are at least 400 different chemical compounds in cannabis.
THC and CBD are the two most common chemicals found in marijuana, but they have two opposite effects on anxiety.
Most strains contain both cannabinoids, but their levels tend to vary from strain to strain.
Cannabinoid THC is responsible for making people high, as it has psychoactive еffесtѕ. It is also known to increase the feelings of paranoia and anxiety, which is why you should avoid it if you’re looking to relieve anxiety.
THC activates the area of the brain (amygdala) responsible for fear, especially if taken in high doses.
On the other hand, studies have shown that CBD is responsible for soothing anxiety and making people more relaxed.
CBD is not psychoactive and will not make the user high, but it will rather produce a calming effect.
Fortunately, ever since cannabis became legal for medical use in Canada and US states, its production also became more controlled.
CBD strains have become more popular among consumers, clinicians, and scientists because of their medical benefits. In addition to CBD rich strains, you can also use CBD oils, tinctures and other products that you do not have to necessarily smoke.
CBD dosage chart, applicable to all CBD products.
One of the first studies on humans was conducted back in 1982 when eight volunteers were given THC, CBD, and Valium. As it turned out, CBD blocked the anxiety caused by THC. (1)
Although this research included a small number of participants, it came to some very important results, concluding that there were opposing effects between the two cannabinoids.
Also, back in 1990, researchers made a simulation of public speaking with a group of healthy participants and a group of social anxiety patients who were both given placebo or either CBD, diazepam or ipsapirone. (2)
The results were surprising since only CBD turned out to reduce anxiety in participants making them more comfortable of speaking in front of other people.
Recent studies are showing similar results. However, clinicians claim more research on humans has to be carried out so we could understand better the overall effect of CBD on other emotions involved with anxiety.
Best marijuana strains for anxiety
Finding the right strain can very well be the solution to your anxiety. It all depends on your tolerance and sensitivity, the frequency of consuming marijuana and your overall health.
Maybe it will take some time to test and find the best strain that fits your needs. As a general rule of thumb:
Strains with higher levels of CBD should “do the trick” and strains rich in THC should be avoided.
Here are some marijuana strains which should help you relieve your anxiety.
This strain is one of the most common medical strains and has the best score in reducing anxiety. It contains less than 6% of THC, and between 6 and 17% of CBD. It is used in treating different medical conditions, including anxiety. Cannatonic makes users feel relaxed and happy with almost no psychoactive effects.
This is one of the strains that have higher levels of CBD. This one has a 20:1 CBD to THC ratio, reaching almost 19% CBD and only 1% THC. ACDC is not psychoactive and will not make you high, which makes it perfect for anxiety. It will keep you relaxed, with only a little bit of cottonmouth.
The ratio of CBD to THC in Harlequin is 5:2 (4 to 7% THC and 8 to 16% CBD). In this case, the level of CBD relaxes the user and decreases the paranoiac effects of THC, while the tiny trickles of THC reduce pain at the same time (if there is some, that is).
Strawberry Cough is a mild sativa strain also known to be the best strain for beating social anxiety. Why? It’s uplifting and calming at the same time, making shy people more easygoing and boosting the positive outlook on social situations.
Harle-Tsu is usually used as an ingredient in cannabis oils and it has 20 times more CBD than THC (in a 5:2 ratio). Besides its anxiety-relieving effects, it makes you focused and stress-free. This flower does not induce a psychoactive high but it rather induces calmness and pleasant feelings.
CBD Shark has 1:1 CBD to THC ratio but as it turns out it is very effective in treating anxiety because of its cannabinoid balance. CBD Shark does not produce any cognitive changes, in fact, it clears the mind and relaxes the body. Also, the THC reduces pain and makes you sleepy which can be useful in treating side symptoms of anxiety, like insomnia.
Also very rich in CBD, Sour Tsunami is well known as being the first marijuana strain to be bread specifically for its high CBD levels. CBD here makes more than 11% of the plant, while THC remains under 7%. Sour Tsunami is a powerful stress, anxiety and depression reliever.
This strain is also great for anxiety and almost immediately improves the mood. Sour OG provides an energetic high with a relaxing sensation as the high fades away.
Rich in CBD (but with also an equal amount of THC), this strain may produce a slight psychoactive effect in some users. However, by using Canna-Tsu you can experience a calming effect, too, which is why it is also recommended in treating anxiety.
CBD Critical Cure
Critical Cure contains 8% of CBD and 5% of THC and it’s been shown to relieve anxiety just enough so that anxiety-sufferers can go through their day easier, with only a mild psychoactive high as a potential side effect.
Blue Dream is a strain that’s very helpful in treating depression and anxiety and it will help you relax from everyday worries. Blue dream actually has a bit more THC than CBD, but it is very effective in soothing emotions that go together with anxiety.
This CBD rich strain (12%) has twice more CBD than THC. Trident will help you focus, relax and take control of your stress and the situation you are in. Having this much CBD means that there are almost no psychoactive effects at all.
Ringo’s Gift was made by crossing two strains from our list — Harle Tsu and ACDC, making it very rich in CBD (with a THC to CBD ratio of 24:1). Ringo relaxes the body but it doesn’t produce that helpless stoned effect. Great for stress relief and with almost no side effects, except the well known dry eyes.
Sweet and Sour Widow
With its 1:1 THC to CBD ratio, this is a balanced, educated choice to induce a body high, but at the same time the feeling of relaxation and happiness. Sweet and Sour Widow is a recommended strain for beginners since it produces only mild cerebral effects.
With all types of anxiety treatments, finding the best possible solution in cannabis is an individual process that takes time, patience and education.
The good thing about cannabis products is the fact that they helped a lot of people treat their anxiety.
However, since the herb can reduce as well as cause anxiety, stick to high CBD strains and avoid those with high THC levels.
- Zuardi AW, Shirakawa I, Finkelfarb E, Karniol IG; Action of cannabidiol on the anxiety and other effects produced by delta 9-THC in normal subjects; Psychopharmacology; 1982;76(3):245-50.
- Zuardi AW, Cosme RA, Graeff FG, Guimarães FS; Effects of ipsapirone and cannabidiol on human experimental anxiety; Journal of Psychopharmacology; January 1993; 7(1):82-8.